The Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation is a UN initiative that is executed jointly by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).
The World Health Organization was set up in 1948 with the objective of promoting "the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health"; health being defined in the WHO Constitution as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity".
This objective has led to a framework of four strategic directions which are strongly interrelated.
The unit within WHO that deals specifically with water and sanitation issues is the Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health Programme (WSH), within the Departement of "Protection of the Human Environment" (PHE).
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF insists that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress. The unit within UNICEF that deals specifically with water and sanitation issues is the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene unit (WASH).