The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation is responsible for global monitoring of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).
This JMP 2017 Thematic Report on Safely Managed Drinking Water considers the implications of SDG target 6.1, 'By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all' and outlines JMP plans for enhanced monitoring of drinking water in the SDG era.
The first section of the report examines the SDG vision for universal access and the specific language used in the formulation of global targets. New 'ladders' for monitoring drinking water services at home, at school and in health facilities are presented, together with proposals for enhanced monitoring of inequalities and affordability.
The second section examines the availability of data on the different elements of 'safely managed drinking water services' and discusses the challenges associated with combining data from different sources in order to track the progressive elimination of inequalities and global progress towards SDG target 6.1.
Monitoring safely managed drinking water services
The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation has been working with global survey programmes to develop guidance on monitoring safely managed drinking water services including new questions that address the availability and quality of drinking water.
In close collaboration with the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) programme a standardised module has been developed for direct testing of water quality in household surveys. The technical support package includes a Water Quality Testing Questionnaire and Manual for Water Quality Testing. To date over 10 countries have integrated water quality testing in their household surveys with many others planned for 2017-2018. For further information see Water Quality.